European union essay conclusion

Despite the results of the Brexit referendum, the UK parliament is not legally required to automatically trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty to begin formal proceedings for withdrawal from the EU and the only pressure do to so will come from the mandate of the referendum vote. Indeed, according to Castle , the trade negotiations that are involved in the Brexit initiative are highly complex and contentious and resolving these issues may require another decade with no guarantee of a successful outcome. Many authorities agree, though, that the stakes are too high for the EU to adopt an uncompromising or belligerent approach to post-Brexit trade negotiations with the UK.

As Hodges recently pointed out:. Figure 1. Retail sales index: Source: Hodges, Likewise, another reason for the return of calm to the European continent has been the recognition that despite its importance to the EU, the loss of the UK is not its death knell.

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Indeed, the EU has become a formidable economic entity in its own right and it is reasonable to suggest that member-states that share the continent overwhelmingly view the arrangement as being in their best interests. Taken together, it is clear that both the EU and the UK will survive the Brexit referendum and both will perhaps even prosper as a result Headley, While the EU will remain the largest economic entity in the world for the foreseeable future, though, the outlook for the UK is less clear.

Notwithstanding the promise this opportunity holds for the UK, this process too will take a significant amount of time and the outcome for the UK remains less certain today Brooks, The results of the Brexit referendum on June 23, confounded analysts and pundits who confidently but inaccurately predicted that voters in the UK would never leave the security of the European Union.

The research showed, though, that despite some initial economic fallout as a result of the vote, things have returned to their pre-Brexit levels and some economic indicators have even improved.

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You are free to use any information, sources, or topics, titles, or ideas provided in this essay as long as you properly cite the information in your paper and on your reference page. Bowler, T. How has the economy fared since the Brexit vote? BBC News. Brooks, T.

So Brexit means Brexit, does it?

The Journal Newcastle, England , Castle, S. Brexit talks could stretch 10 years, British official warns. The New York Times. Headley, S.

The European Union Explained*

Europe after the British exit: Demise or reinvention? New Zealand International Review, 41 5 , Hodges, D. Contributors: Not available.

What is the future for European Union? - A-Level Politics - Marked by

Publication date: March 26, Page number: Jasper, W. Brexit: Rejecting globalism. The New American , 32 15 , Brexit Essay. Last Edited: December 19, Tags: brexit british exit european union.

Table of Contents 1. Forty-four percent of British exports are destined for the Union, and the European Single Market represents a prime economic and trading space for British companies. As a result, leaving the Union will very significantly affect the companies located on British soil, impacting all areas of business but, most particularly, those in the financial sector due to the importance of London. There is no conceivable agreement that could be reached between the United Kingdom and the EU that would allow it to benefit from access to the internal European market but exclude it from the obligation to respect the free movement of people.

The fifth conclusion refers to the fact that the agreements signed by the European Union regulating trade and investment relations between its member States and other countries or groups of countries will cease to apply to the United Kingdom, clearly affecting its productive and trade potential. In this leap into the unknown, the European Union must have enough foresight to reaffirm the principles and values that have allowed Europeans to enjoy a model of coexistence unseen anywhere else on the planet.

As the sixth conclusion, the exit from the EU will have a clear impact for the United Kingdom with regard to its security strategy and, particularly, its measures against terrorism and organized crime, as it will lose all measures adopted in relation to Justice and Home Affairs and must also leave Europol.


In addition, Northern Ireland will find itself in a complicated situation with regard to Ireland, which will continue to be a member of the EU and therefore will have to impose controls at the border with the northern part of the island. Gibraltar will also suffer a clear change as a result of the United Kingdom ceasing to be a member of the EU, as it will again be in a situation like the one it was in before Spain became an EU member state: Its residents will lose the privileges of traveling to and establishing themselves in Spain.

What is the future for European Union?

Intergenerational cohesion will also be affected following the very different voting habits in the referendum by younger and older people. Therefore, the ninth conclusion is that they will cease to be citizens of the Union, and those from the other 27 EU members will cease to be citizens of the United Kingdom, as it will be a non-EU country.

They will therefore lose the benefits associated with European citizenship, such as the rights to live, work and own property in EU member states; retire to live in a member state other than their own; receive health benefits using the European Health Insurance Card under the European Regulation for the Coordination of Social Security Systems; vote in local elections of other member states; and more.

Upon activating Article 50 of the Treaty of Union and starting to negotiate the withdrawal agreement, at the beginning of spring the United Kingdom will start the countdown to its detachment. The tenth conclusion is the loss of its ability to influence the European Union. As an outgoing member, its credibility will be greatly diminished.

It is precisely this prospect of breakup that is facing the European Union, which makes the challenges even greater and more demanding. Nobody can be surprised that Brexit has generated strong social, political, economic and financial effects that may have a first, second and even third wave, depending on events. However, there is something we must not lose sight of in this situation of profound changes, leaps into the unknown included, and that is how to understand and accept the origin of an event such as this: the public has realized it can influence its future and is uniting to do so.

This is something that sounded very distant for the business community a few years ago, but that is starting to become more frequently seen and palpable in the results of people power and collaboration for action. This empowerment has undoubtedly had an international impact, and Latin America is living proof of this, with cases such as the peace referendum in Colombia, which led to a resounding defeat for those who supported the process of dialogue between the Colombian government and the FARC.

Its approval was taken for granted. However, we can see people have decided to speak out and assert their voice. Correct or not, it is their voice. Taking a quick look at the rest, we have Argentina, with mass protests and the end of the year period of Kirchnerist governments.

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And Venezuela, with a significant level of tension due to demands to hold a recall referendum to remove its current Head of State. Not to mention other previous factors that led to an unsustainable situation and a true dead end. All of the above are examples of the new reality taking hold in our region, which just a few years ago, was something completely unseen in Latin America.

As has happened many times before, regional events of the aforementioned magnitude generate situations accompanied by reactions that are untimely and not very connected to reality, and that in one way or another have been plunging companies and governments into a state of shock and paralysis from which it is very difficult to snap out. The current climate is dominated by profound sensitivity, a growing discontent in broad layers of Latin American society.